The term semi-proportional is used to occasionally describe certain voting systems which do not provide proportional representation but are such that a minority of a dertain size can gurantee some form of representation.

Systems sometimes described as semi-proportional include:

  • Cumulative Voting because a member of a minority group can award all his/her points to a single candidate, while others may choose to spread their points across a number of candidates.
  • Limited Voting

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